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Are Heat Pumps Efficient in Winter?

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Exploring Heat Pump Efficiency in Cold Weather

As a heating and cooling contractor in New Jersey, many of our customers often ask about heat pump efficiency in cold weather—a valid concern for those living in New Jersey. If you live in the proper climate for this type of system, heat pumps are an energy-efficient solution to all of your heating and cooling needs. However, if the temperature tends to drop below freezing (32 degrees Fahrenheit) on a consistent basis, than a heat pump may not be the best HVAC system for you.

Keep reading to learn more about heat pump efficiency in winter.

How Heat Pumps Work

Unlike a furnace, which uses an energy source to generate and disperse heat throughout your home, a heat pump uses its energy to transfer heat—moving warm air from one place to another (to where it is needed or not needed) depending on the season. When outdoor temperatures are warm, a heat pump works to extract heat from inside your home and transport it outdoors, keeping your household cool all throughout the summer.

However, when temperatures begin to get colder, your heat pump will not work as efficiently in the winter as it did during the summer months. This is because during the winter, heat pumps need to transfer heat from outside back into your home in order to keep your home warm. If there is little heat available outside, like during the fall and winter, your heat pump will need to work for longer periods of time, decreasing its efficiency levels and increasing your home energy bills.

What Seasons Are Heat Pumps Efficient In?

Heat pumps are most efficient when installed in warm climates like San Diego, for example. However, in other places across the nation where temperatures vary more dramatically from season to season, like in New Jersey, your heat pump will not be as efficient. Heat pumps are most efficient during the summer and in temperatures above 32 degrees Fahrenheit.

As a result, you will need to supplement your heat pump with a furnace or secondary heating system during the winter months in order for your house to stay warm and keep energy bills from skyrocketing. This is commonly referred to as a dual fuel heating system.

Will a Heat Pump Work Well in New Jersey?

Many of our neighbors come to us with one question: “Will a heat pump work well in New Jersey?” Yes, a heat pump will work well when installed in a New Jersey home during the spring, summer, and fall months. However, since heat pumps are not as efficient in the winter as they are when operating in warmer temperatures, you should consider installing a furnace, too!

Heat Pump Installers in New Jersey

Air Professionals Heating & Air Conditioner has been installing heat pumps in New Jersey homes since we first opened our doors in 1996. For more than 19 years, our goal has been to provide local homeowners and their families with comfort solutions that fit their lifestyles and their budgets.

We service the following New Jersey areas:

Hunterdon County: Annandale, Asbury, Bloomsbury, Califon, Clinton, Flemington, Frenchtown, Glen Gardner, Hampton, High Bridge, Lambertville, Lebanon, Milford, Pittstown, Ringoes, Stockton, Three Bridges, and Whitehouse Station

Somerset County: Basking Ridge, Bedminster, Belle Mead, Bernardsville, Bound Brook, Branchburg, Bridgewater, Far Hills, Franklin Park, Gladstone, Green Brook, Hillsborough, Kingston, Martinsville, Millstone, Montgomery, Neshanic Station, North Plainfield, Peapack, Raritan, Rocky Hill, Skillman, Somerset, Somerville, South Bound Brook, and Warren

Mercer County: East Windsor, Ewing, Hamilton Township, Hopewell Township, Lawrence Township, Mercerville, Robbinsville, and West Windsor Township

Middlesex County: East Brunswick, Kendall Park, New Brunswick, Highland Park, Plainsboro Township, South Brunswick, and South Plainfield

Warren County: Alpha, Greenwich, Lopatcong Township, Phillipsburg, and Pohatcong Township